Large-Scale Landslide Disaster Reduction
Six Strategies for Prevention of Large-Scale Landslides
Due to the global extreme climate, the rainfall pattern of Taiwan is from “short period and low intensity”to “long period and high intensity,” and has become a threat to high disaster-prone areas. In order to reduce the risk of large-scale landslide disaster, the Bureau has promoted “Large-Scale Landslide Prevention and Disaster Reduction Programs” with 6 strategies. The purpose is to reduce the risk of large-scale landslide disasters, improve the capability of settlement safety, reduce agricultural damage and maintain industrial activities, and enhance public awareness of disaster prevention.
⑴ Enhancing the Capability of Emergency Response
Conducting research of theory, potentiality, impact and monitoring by LiDAR, radar images, remote
sensing and hydrological monitoring in large-scale landslide areas. Also, planning related disaster
emergency response method and establishing effective risk management mechanism.
⑵ Establishing Intelligent Disaster Prevention System
Reviewing the capability of disaster prevention for affected settlement regularly, enhancing the
safety and protection and equipment of disaster prevention personnel, real-time reporting system, and
intelligent avoidance technology, in order to improve the capability of emergency response, develop
customized information of disaster prevention and establish intelligent disaster prevention system.
⑶ Improving Watershed Management Results
Through the checking and analysis results of soil and sand, review the possible impacts and
influences of large-scale landslides in catchment areas, carry out soil sand monitoring surveys, understand the environmental variation of catchment areasandestablishappropriate assessment models to formulate effective management strategies, while enhancing the effectiveness of policy implementation.
⑷ Optimizing Protection of Watershed Resource
For the water and soil resources in watershed, climate change adaptation measures including slopeland plantation, soil erosion, flood retention space and agricultural research shall be carried out to achieve flood control and water retention, establishing a reasonable utilization model for water and
soil resources, and the sustainable management of resources.
⑸ Promoting Slopeland Soil and Water Conservation
① Draft supervision management mechanisms of permanent facilities for soil and water conservation projects.
② Draw up the soil erosion disaster potential distribution map for central and southern Taiwan
③ With reference to the relevant laws and regulations on water and soil conservation in Japan and EU countries, provide a basis for management systems for soil and water conservation, application analysis and related legislation (or amendments) in Taiwan.
⑹ Integrate Decision-Making Information and Promote Exchange
The integration and use of consulting of the public, public opinion feedback and the resources of government sectors will make disaster prevention decision-making management more efficient. The process of exchange between public sectors and private sectors will take the results and facilitate the participation of citizens in obstruction removal, as well as the effective execution of educational training in local disaster prevention.